CNC Macro Programming

CNC Macro Programming

CNC Macro Programming

Category : Macro

CNC Macro Programming an Introduction

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CNC Macro programming is sometimes thought of as a bit of a black art in CNC programming

CNC Macro Programming

Macro programming is sometimes known as parametric programming.

 It means you are controlling a program by external parameters.

Its Easy

In fact the use of macro programming in its simplest form is very easy and the rest is shrouded bullshit.
Macro programming uses the #(variable) sign to represent values.
Historically macro programming was used for things like bolt hole circles and cycles that machines didn’t have built in. Most modern controls have this kind of functionality as standard so you might think why would I need to learn macro programming.

CNC Macro Programming
 Good question. If you have a touch probe on your CNC machine you almost definitely will have the use of macro programming.
Oh by the way before you read anymore of this just check if you have macro programming on your machine as it is usually an option. I would hate you to read the whole of this very boring article only to find you can’t do any of the stuff I am talking about.

CNC Macro Programming
A bit like reading the manual for your car only to find you bought the one with the small engine and you can’t actually get from 0-60 in under 8 seconds.
You can use a variable to replace any number in a program and then define its value externally.

Here is an Example

The macro programming example shown is for drilling some holes. Initially we are just using a cycle to spot drill and then another cycle to drill.

When we use macro programming we use a sub program. The first time we call the sub program we want a depth of 5mm and a feed-rate of 100mm/min. The second time we want a depth of 15mm and a feed-rate 200mm/min.

#1 represents the depth
#2 represents the feed-rate

So you can see that in the sub-program the depth and the feed-rate are defined as variables. So, each time the sub-program is called it will look to see what is in variable 1 and variable 2

Here is the program as it would be normally
O0001(Macro Programming Demo)
G21 G90 G40
T01 M06 (20mm Spot Drill)
G90 G0 G54 X0 Y0 S2546 M3
G43 H01 Z15.0 M8
G81 G98 Z-5. R1.0 F100.
X25.
Y25.
X-25.
G80
G0 G53 Z0 M9
T02 M06 (16mm Drill)
G90 G0 G54 X0 Y0 S1000 M3
G43 H02 Z15.0 M8
G81 G98 Z-15. R1.0 F200.
X25.
Y25.
X-25.
G80
G0 G53 Z0 M9
M30


Here is the program as CNC Macro Programming 


O0001(Macro Programming Demo)
G21 G90 G40
T01 M06 (20mm Spot Drill)
G90 G0 G54 X0 Y0 S2546 M3
G43 H01 Z15.0 M8
#1=5.
#2=100.0
M98 P500(Call Programme 500)
G0 G53 Z0 M9
T02 M06 (16mm Drill)
G90 G0 G54 X0 Y0 S1000 M3
G43 H02 Z15.0 M8
#1=15.
#2=200.0
M98 P500(Call Programme 500)
G0 G53 Z0 M9
M30

O500(Sub Programme)
G81 G98 Z-#1 R1.0 F#2
X25.
Y25.
X-25.
G80
M99

Advantages

There are a lot of advantages to using a basic CNC Macro Programming.

1.When you prove it out the first time you know the positions will be correct for the second time.

2.Much less code.

3.You can change your mind without too much code alteration.

4.Sorry I can’t think of a number 4 but 3 advantages didn’t look enough.
Macro programming is sometimes known as parametric programming.


As you get more and more into macro programming you start to realise the massive potential it unlocks. You can interrogate the control for example:

What speed is the spindle running at?

What tool is in the spindle,?

What is the current position?

What are the winning numbers on tonight’s lottery?

You can carry out mathematical calculations with variables, adding, subtracting, simple trigonometry etc.

Other Macro Information

Macro Training

Macro

More**Free**Macro**Stuff

Haas spindle warm up.

Mazak Spindle warm up.


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1 Comment

gnanasekar

October 17, 2016 at 9:46 am

Good

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